Whoopi Goldberg Joins Marijuana Industry With Products for Women

Whoopi Goldberg has been longtime proponent of marijuana legalization. CreditDanny Moloshok/Reuters

Whoopi Goldberg became the latest celebrity to enter the increasingly lucrative world of legalized marijuana on Wednesday when she announced that she would launch a line of cannabis-infused products aimed at women.

Ms. Goldberg, a comedian and daytime talk show host, partnered with a Northern California-based producer of marijuana edibles to form a company that will offer products designed to alleviate menstrual pain, like cannabis-infused chocolate, tincture, cream and bath salt.

“This was all inspired by my own experience from a lifetime of difficult periods and the fact that cannabis was literally the only thing that gave me relief,” Ms. Goldberg, a longtime proponent of marijuana legalization, said in a statement.

The brand, “Whoopi & Maya,” created with the marijuana entrepreneur Maya Elisabeth, will be available only in California for now.

The legal marijuana industry may be young, but its path to celebrity endorsement is already well-tread, as several connoisseurs have rushed to cash in on a boom time.

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The country singer Willie Nelson, a proud smoker, teamed up with a New York-based private equity firm in September to develop Willie’s Reserve, styled as “a premium cannabis lifestyle brand,” to be sold in Colorado and Washington State, where its recreational use is legal.

The rock star Melissa Etheridge was among the earliest to get into the act, endorsing a line of marijuana-infused wines in 2014. She told VICE in aninterview that year that the vintners behind it were “ganjapreneurs” who were “on the front line of this thing.”

The market for legal marijuana products has seen explosive growth in recent years as the drug has become legal in more states. The recreational use of marijuana is legal in four states plus Washington, D.C., and its medical use is permitted in 19 more.

A report by two marijuana analysis and investment firms, the ArcView Group and New Frontier, estimated that $5.4 billion worth of legal marijuana products were sold nationwide in 2015, up from $4.6 billion the year before. They predicted $6.7 billion in legal sales in 2016.

In an interview with Vanity Fair magazine, Ms. Goldberg emphasized that her products were intended to be medicinal. She may have alleviated menstrual pain in the past by lighting up a joint, but that is not what her new company is all about.

“For me, I feel like if you don’t want to get high high, this is a product specifically just to get rid of discomfort,” she told the magazine. “Smoking a joint is fine, but most people can’t smoke a joint and go to work.”

How to Get Rid of Anxiety and Headaches With a Simple Lavender Lemonade Recipe

Lavender Lemonade


One of the most common mental health issues in todays world is anxiety. And we all get headaches every now and then.

Doctors will usually prescribe some medication to relief our suffering and pain and in more extreme cases that might be necessary. But overall, not everyone with these symptoms will actually benefit from taking medication.

Especially since there are natural remedies to help us fight anxiety and headaches. And they can be as delicious as this lavender lemonade.

When it comes to health and wellness, lavender oil is one of the most beneficial and powerful natural oils. Its complex chemical structure is built of over 150 active components and it is not only antimicrobial, antibacterial and antiseptic, but is also a great aid in detoxification. And on top of that, it is absolutely delicious.

This is how you can make it:


  • 6 peeled and juiced organic lemons.
  • 1 drop essential lavender  oil.
  • 12 cups purified water.
  • 1 cup raw honey.


Combine all the ingredients and mix them well, refrigerate and then serve with ice.

The Evolution of Anxiety: Why We Worry and What to Do About It

The Evolution of Anxiety: Why We Worry and What to Do About It

Let’s pretend for a moment that you are a giraffe. You live on the grasslands of the African savannah. You have a neck that is 7 feet long (2.1 meters). Every now and then, you spot a group of humans driving around on a safari taking pictures of you.

This post originally appeared on James Clear’s blog.

But it’s not just your neck and their cameras that separates you from the humans. Perhaps the biggest difference between you and your giraffe friends and the humans taking your picture is that nearly every decision you make provides an immediate benefit to your life.

  • When you are hungry, you walk over and munch on a tree.
  • When a storm rolls across the plains, you take shelter under the brush.
  • When you spot a lion stalking you and your friends, you run away.

On any given day, most of your choices as a giraffe—like what to eat or where to sleep or when to avoid a predator—make an immediate impact on your life. You live in what researchers call an Immediate Return Environment because your actions deliver immediate benefits. Your life is strongly oriented toward the present moment.

The Delayed Return Environment

Now, let’s flip the script and pretend you are one of the humans vacationing on safari. Unlike the giraffe, humans live in what researchers call a Delayed Return Environment.

Most of the choices you make today will not benefit you immediately. If you do a good job at work today, you’ll get a paycheck in a few weeks. If you save money now, you’ll have enough for retirement later. Many aspects of modern society are designed to delay rewards until some point in the future.

This is true of our problems as well. While a giraffe is worried about immediate problems like avoiding lions and seeking shelter from a storm, many of the problems humans worry about are problems of the future.

For example, while bouncing around the savannah in your Jeep, you might think, “This safari has been a lot of fun. It would be cool to work as a park ranger and see giraffes every day. Speaking of work, is it time for a career change? Am I really doing the work I was meant to do? Should I change jobs?”

Unfortunately, living in a Delayed Return Environment tends to lead to chronic stress and anxiety for humans. Why? Because your brain wasn’t designed to solve the problems of a Delayed Return Environment.

The Evolution of the Human Brain

The human brain developed into its current form while humans still lived in an Immediate Return Environment.

The earliest remains of modern humans—known as Homo sapiens sapiens—are approximately 200,000 years old. These were the first humans to have a brain relatively similar to yours. In particular, the neocortex—the newest part of the brain and the part responsible for higher functions like language—was roughly the same size 200,000 years ago as it is today.

Compared to the age of the brain, modern society is incredibly new. It is only recently—during the last 500 years or so—that our society has shifted to a predominantly Delayed Return Environment. The pace of change has increased exponentially compared to prehistoric times. In the last 100 years we have seen the rise of the car, the airplane, the television, the personal computer, the internet, and Beyonce. Nearly everything that makes up your daily life has been created in a very small window of time.

A lot can happen in 100 years. From the perspective of evolution, however, 100 years is nothing. The modern human brain spent hundreds of thousands of years evolving for one type of environment (immediate returns) and in the blink of an eye the entire environment changed (delayed returns). Your brain was designed to value immediate returns.

The Evolution of Anxiety: Why We Worry and What to Do About It

The Evolution of Anxiety

The mismatch between our old brain and our new environment has a significant impact on the amount of chronic stress and anxiety we experience today.

Thousands of years ago, when humans lived in an Immediate Return Environment, stress and anxiety were useful emotions because they helped us take action in the face of immediate problems.

For example:

  • A lion appears across the plain > you feel stressed > you run away > your stress is relieved.
  • A storm rumbles in the distance > you worry about finding shelter > you find shelter > your anxiety is relieved.
  • You haven’t drank any water today > you feel stressed and dehydrated > you find water > your stress is relieved.

This is how your brain evolved to use worry, anxiety, and stress. Anxiety was an emotion that helped protect humans in an Immediate Return Environment. It was built for solving short-term, acute problems. There was no such thing as chronic stress because there aren’t really chronic problems in an Immediate Return Environment.

Wild animals rarely experience chronic stress. As Duke University professor Mark Leary put it, “A deer may be startled by a loud noise and take off through the forest, but as soon as the threat is gone, the deer immediately calms down and starts grazing. And it doesn’t appear to be tied in knots the way that many people are.” When you live in an Immediate Return Environment, you only have to worry about acute stressors. Once the threat is gone, the anxiety subsides.

Today we face different problems. Will I have enough money to pay the bills next month? Will I get the promotion at work or remain stuck in my current job? Will I repair my broken relationship? Problems in a Delayed Return Environment can rarely be solved right now in the present moment.

What to Do About It

One of the greatest sources of anxiety in a Delayed Return Environment is the constant uncertainty. There is no guarantee that working hard in school will get you a job. There is no promise that investments will go up in the future. There is no assurance that going on a date will land you a soulmate. Living in a Delayed Return Environment means you are surrounded by uncertainty.

So what can you do? How can you thrive in a Delayed Return Environment that creates so much stress and anxiety?

The first thing you can do is measure something. You can’t know for certain how much money you will have in retirement, but you can remove some uncertainty from the situation by measuring how much you save each month. You can’t be sure that you’ll get a job after graduation, but you can track how often you reach out to companies about internships. You can’t predict when you find love, but you can pay attention to how many times you introduce yourself to someone new.

The act of measurement takes an unknown quantity and makes it known. When you measure something, you immediately become more certain about the situation. Measurement won’t magically solve your problems, but it will clarify the situation, pull you out of the black box of worry and uncertainty, and help you get a grip on what is actually happening.

Furthermore, one of the most important distinctions between an Immediate Return Environment and a Delayed Return Environment is rapid feedback. Animals are constantly getting feedback about the things that cause them stress. As a result, they actually know whether or not they should feel stressed. Without measurement you have no feedback.

If you’re looking for good measurement strategies, I suggest using something simple like The Paper Clip Strategy for tracking repetitive, daily actions and something like The Seinfeld Strategy for tracking long-term behaviors.

Shift Your Worry

The second thing you can do is “shift your worry” from the long-term problem to a daily routine that will solve that problem.

  • Instead of worrying about living longer, worry about taking a walk each day.
  • Instead of worrying about whether your child will get a college scholarship, worry about how much time they spend studying today.
  • Instead of worrying about losing enough weight for the wedding, worry about cooking a healthy dinner tonight.

The key insight that makes this strategy work is making sure your daily routine both rewards you right away (immediate return) and resolves your future problems (delayed return).

Here are the three examples from my life:

  • Writing. When I publish an article, the quality of my life is noticeably higher. Additionally, I know that if I write consistently, then my business will grow, I will publish books, and I will make enough money to sustain my life. By focusing my attention on writing each day, I increase my well-being (immediate return) while also working toward earning future income (delayed return).
  • Lifting. I experienced a huge shift in well-being when I learned to fall in love with exercise. The act of going to the gym brings joy to my life (immediate return) and it also leads to better long-term health (delayed return).
  • Reading. Last year, I posted my public reading list and began reading 20 pages per day. Now, I get a sense of accomplishment whenever I do my daily reading (immediate return) and the practice helps me develop into an interesting person (delayed return).

Our brains didn’t evolve in a Delayed Return Environment, but that’s where we find ourselves today. My hope is that by measuring the things that are important to you and shifting your worry to daily practices that pay off in the long-run, you can reduce some of the uncertainty and chronic stress that is inherent in modern society.

The more cannabis you smoke, the more likely you are to be a loser, finds international study

International research has revealed that the more cannabis you smoke, the more likely you are to be lower paid and have relationship difficulties.

The study followed children from birth up to the age of 38 and found people who smoked cannabis four or more days a week over many years ended up in a lower social class than their parents.

It also found that regular and persistent users ended up with lower-paying, less skilled and less prestigious jobs than those who were not regular cannabis smokers.

Financial, work-related and relationship difficulties were further experienced by those taking the drug, which worsened as the number of years of regular cannabis use progressed.

Research has revealed that the more cannabis you smoke, the more likely you are to be lower paid and have relationship difficulties (stock photo)

The study, conducted by a team of researchers led by Magdalena Cerda at the University of California and Avshalom Caspi and Terrie Moffitt at Duke University, appeared in the journal Clinical Psychological Science.

‘Our research does not support arguments for or against cannabis legalization,’ said Cerda. ‘But it does show that cannabis was not safe for the long-term users tracked in our study.

‘Our study found that regular cannabis users experienced downward social mobility and more financial problems such as troubles with debt and cash flow than those who did not report such persistent use.

‘Regular long-term users also had more antisocial behaviors at work, such as stealing money or lying to get a job, and experienced more relationship problems, such as intimate partner violence and controlling abuse.

Researchers claimed the study was important as it addresses an array of ‘potentially confounding factors’ not included in past studies assessing cannabis’ long-term effects on users.

Economic and social problems persisted in long-term, regular users of pot even after the authors accounted for other potential differences between regular cannabis users and other participants.

These factors included socioeconomic problems in childhood, lower IQ, antisocial behavior and depression in adolescence, higher levels of impulsivity, lower motivation to achieve, criminal conviction of cannabis users, and abuse of alcohol and hard drugs.

‘These findings did not arise because cannabis users were prosecuted and had a criminal record,’ said Caspi, a psychologist at Duke University and King’s College London.

The study followed children from birth up to the age of 38 and found people who smoked cannabis four or more days a week over many years ended up in a lower social class than their parents (stock photo)

The study followed children from birth up to the age of 38 and found people who smoked cannabis four or more days a week over many years ended up in a lower social class than their parents (stock photo)

‘Even among cannabis users who were never convicted for a cannabis offense, we found that persistent and regular cannabis use was linked to economic and social problems.’

While both heavy alcohol and cannabis use were similarly associated with declines, the authors found that those dependent on cannabis experienced more financial difficulties.

‘Cannabis may be safer than alcohol for your health, but not for your finances,’ said Moffitt.

For the study, 947 participants who had completed at least three of the five adult cannabis assessments from ages 18 through 38.

Eighteen percent, or 173 participants, were considered marijuana dependent in at least one wave of the study, and 15 per cent fell into the regular cannabis use categories.

What are the other side effects of smoking cannabis?


Archaeologists Have Uncovered 2,400-Year-Old Pure Gold Bongs Used To Smoke Cannabis By Aryan Kings

I guess we can say without a doubt that ancient Aryan kings and modern trap kings have something in common.

Archaeologists have uncovered two 2,400-year-old sold gold “bongs” that were used by Aryan tribal chiefs to smoke cannabis during ceremonies. The bongs were found along side other gold items during routine construction to put up power lines in Russia.

They were buried in a stone chamber before being concealed by a thick layer of clay. I guess they didn’t want anyone getting into their stash.

While no arrests have yet been made, criminologists still carried out tests that indicate that the thick, black residue inside of the bongs is from cannabis and opium being smoked by tribal royals. They likely belonged to the Scythians, a nomadic warrior clan that ruled over large swathes of central Europe and Asia between 900 BC and 400 AD.

These bongs are the oldest known to exist.

Historians think the Scythians mixed opium and cannabis and smoked it before heading into battle.

Herodotus, a famous Greek historian who died in 425BC, wrote: “Scythians used a plant to produce smoke that no Grecian vapour-bath can surpass which made them shout aloud.”

The bongs were discovered along side golden cups, rings, and neck rings. All of the items have been cleaned and will be placed on display in a Russian museum

Low-Carb Vegetables – the Best and the Worst

What low-carb vegetables are good? There’s a very simple rule:

  • Vegetables growing above ground are low carb and can be eaten freely.
  • Vegetables growing below ground contain more carbs, so you’ll have to be more careful with them (especially potatoes).

Like any rule it is not perfect, so have a look below.

Above ground

Carbs per 100 grams (3.5 ounces)
Low-carb vegetables

Below ground

(percent digestible carbs)

All the numbers are the percent of digestible carbohydrates (fibre is not counted). This means that a hundred grams (3.5 ounces) – the weight of an average tomato – of any vegetable will contain that number of grams of carbs.E.g. one average tomato has about 3 grams of carbs. One whole cauliflower head weights a lot more though, perhaps ten times more, and may thus contain about ten times 4 grams, i.e. 40 grams of carbs.

Note the clear difference between above ground and below ground vegetables.

Vegetables with less than 5 percent carbs can be eaten relatively freely. If you’re on a not-too-strict low-carb diet (more than 20 grams per day) you can probably eat all you want of all these low-carb vegetables.

If you’re on a strict low-carb diet (under 20 grams a day) you may need to be a bit careful with some of the vegetables. Specifically you should probably be careful around peppers or tomatoes – these carbs quickly add up towards the 20 grams a day limit. Just one medium-sized pepper may contain 6-8 grams of digestible carbs.


Peas, corn, beans, lentils, quinoa

Carbohydrates in peas, corn, beans, lentils, quinoa

Peas, corn, beans, lentils and quinoa contain more carbohydrates than other vegetables. You’ll have to be careful with them on a strict low-carb diet, eating them in very small amounts or not at all.Most of these plant foods are not classified as vegetables but as grains or legumes. They are not good low-carb options.


Grains and pure sugar

Carbohydrates in grains (like bread, pasta, rice) and added sugars

Wheat is not a vegetable, it is a grain. And anything made with flour contains lots of rapidly digested carbs. Avoid this as much as possible when on a low-carb diet. Whole grain products are just less bad – it’s like cigarettes with filter on them.Bread, pasta, rice, cookies etc. are not vegetables, and they are full of carbohydrates.

High fructose corn syrup – the sugary nutrient in soda – does come from plants (corn). But it is not a vegetable and it most certainly is not low carb.


Similar guides


Low-carb vegetable sides

Low-Carb Cauliflower MashLow-Carb Cauliflower Mash60 Moderate low carb Easy 10 + 5 mCauliflower RiceCauliflower Rice53 Strict low carb Easy 5 + 5 mBroccoli and Cauliflower in CheeseBroccoli and Cauliflower in Cheese68 Moderate low carb Easy 5 + 12 m

Low-Carb Pasta Alternative: Zucchini FettuccineLow-Carb Pasta Alternative: Zucchini Fettuccine21 Liberal low carb Easy 2 + 2 mTurnip GratinTurnip Gratin50 Moderate low carb Easy 15 + 30 mRoasted Green Cabbage WedgesRoasted Green Cabbage Wedges24 Liberal low carb Easy 5 + 15 m



Complete low-carb food lists

How Low Carb is Low Carb?


Strict low carb


moderate low carb


Liberal low carb

Learn about how many carbs can be appropriate for you


Improve this page

Do you have any suggestion – big or small – to improve this page?
Anything that you’d like added or changed?

Comment below or e-mail me at andreas@dietdoctor.com.


  1. trudy

    Thank you for the reminders! One question about chocolate. Are you referring to a “typical chocolate bar” vs. the the high cocoa ones, such as 85%-90% cocoa, or all of these.
    Reply: #3
  2. 2

    Robin Cummings

    I would love to see what 3.5 ounces are of olives, cauliflower, green pepper, spinach, etc. are.
    This makes it very clear, it’s already the most helpful low carb guide I’ve found!
  3. 3


    90% Lindt dark chocolate I calculate to be about 18g of carb. But that would be for all 10 squares! A four square serving would be about 7g of carbs.
    Reply: #28
  4. 4


    If you don’t need sugar in your coffee, you don’t need sugar in your chocolate. I’ve eaten exclusively artisan 100% chocolate for years. There is a wide variation in flavour among 100% chocolates, as the flavour is not masked by sugar.
  5. Jayne M

    So, sweet potatoes higher than “normal” potatoes! Why are sweet potatoes hyped so much!?
    Reply: #19
  6. 6


    I’m not sure there are any available carbs in spinach, lettuce and comparable leafy greens.Much of the sugar in spinach is the sugar sulfoquinovose, which feeds beneficial bacteria in the gut. [See “Sweet discovery in leafy greens holds key to gut health” http://phys.org/news/2016-02-sweet-discovery-leafy-greens-key.html ] Also, the fibre carbs feed gut bacteria that produce saturated fats, especially butyrate, which provides energy to the endothelial cells lining the gut. The proteins in leafy greens likely help construct gut bacteria too, but I haven’t seen any science on that, although the bacteria need to get protein from somewhere.

    So in terms of nutrients, net of bacterial activity in the gut, spinach, lettuce and comparable leafy greens are probably all saturated fat. For this reason, I eat loads of leafy greens daily. They have no measurable effect on my daily blood ketone readings, so they are evidently not stimulating insulin.

    Aside from that, leafy greens make excellent salads (with fresh home-made dressing, of course) or cooked as side dishes (I especially like them sauteed lightly in butter then braised in stock and served with moussed avocado).

    Reply: #14
  7. 7


    Everyone download the app “calorie counter” and you will know what every carb/fat/protein content is in all fruit and veg (plus other food)
  8. 8

    Carol Bernsten

    This is not taking in the low glycerin account of some foods. In sweet potatoes for example, the count seems a little high but your body uses this count differently. It takes in the sugar slowly and therefore is good for you. Many vitamins that your body needs. We have to balance what we eat. I have had diabetes for 9 years and have managed it perfectly. I am now off all my meds.
  9. 1 comment removed
  10. Sean K

    What a helpful page! My wife and I can refer to this when planning our meals.Knowing the carbohydrate count of vegetables is extremely helpful when you are aiming for <20g per day. I like the way the number if represented against each vegetable.

  11. Nancy P.

    The image of the Above Ground Vegetables is beautiful. Who wouldn’t want to eat them?
  12. Bridgette

    I would like to print this… do you have it in a pdf
  13. Susie Van Buskirk

    I’d like the recipe for how the cauliflower was prepared. It looks delicious!
  14. Katie

    Murray,How do u make avocado mousse? Sounds yummy!

    Reply: #15
  15. murray

    Katie, there are lots of variations, depending on what we are having it with. The simplest is just to mousse the avocado with an immersion blender (my trusty Bamix), with salt, pepper and a small squeeze of lemon juice. I discovered this in a small restaurant with a French chef where she served moussed avocado instead of butter. I reverse engineered the recipe, which was avocado, a tablespoon of plain yoghurt, lemon juice and orange juice, with just a touch of salt (enough to enliven flavour but not enough to notice any saltiness). It was delightful, especially in the summer heat.For a richer version, I add a surfactant (egg yolk, mustard powder or garlic, depending on desired flavour), some citrus juice or apple cider vinegar, as appropriate, and then blend in a good amount of robust extra virgin olive oil. The kids love this, especially with braised kale and such. For salmon, I would adjust, using more lemon juice, to balance the fish. For beef, it would be more garlic and no lemon, with perhaps some chipotle pepper. We rarely have a meat now without an avocado mousse, adjusted with spicing and added olive oil to complement the meat. A lean meat or braised greens would get more olive oil, whereas a marbled cut would get none. A chunky guacamole also works fine on occasion, but everyone in our family prefers the mole smooth rather than chunky to accompany vegetables and meats.

How photography helped to cure my social anxiety

The world can be a scary place when you have a Social Anxiety Disorder..

Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD or SA) if you aren’t already clued up, is an almost paralysing fear of social interaction. It’s a phobia, that brings on extreme emotional and physical difficulties when the sufferer is placed in a social situation. It’s a serious medical condition that can damage and often completely kill the ability to enjoy normal interactions and moments where other people are involved.

Outsiders with little understanding may utter things such as “get over it” or “we all feel nervous or shy sometimes”, but SA is far more than the butterflies or the passing worry that you get when going to a job interview or starting a new school, it’s far more involved and debilitating than that. A Social Anxiety sufferer can easily feel tortured for days by the fear of simply having to leave the house, or walking into a supermarket. I know that for me it takes me several hours to gear up the courage to leave the house to go to the shops alone, and that’s a vast improvement to where I was a fair few years ago.

– excerpt from my facebook note last year about my social anxiety disorder.


How photography cured my social anxiety When I left school, I hid myself away in my bedroom with just my computer and online friends for company. My disorder became so normal to me that it took a tremendous amount of time to realise all the odd safety behaviours social anxiety would make me do, like:

– Waiting around on my own for any length of time  would cause me to fumble around
on my phone to try and look busy. ‘If I stand here and press a few buttons, people will think I’m all cool and popular’
– Avoiding eye contact at all times. If I can’t see you, you can’t see me!
– Saying very little, because people won’t think I’m weird if I stand there while they’re talking to me and stare at a corner.
– Always looking everywhere else, all of the time. Like a meerkat.
– Avoiding going anywhere, because staying at home and eating pie is better.
– Hiding under the window when someone knocks on the door.
– Running for a bus, and when it drives off without me, just keep running. ‘Nooo, I wasn’t running for that bus, I was just casually out for a jog… in my work trousers… and high heels’ (Actually that last bit was a lie, I never wear high heels)

All of that stuff sounds kind of silly right now, but when you’re in that moment and feeling that fear it’s the only thing that matters to you. So don’t judge me ‘kay?!

Photography became the only thing that I had in my life that was constant and that drove me enough to want to better my situation. It played an instrumental part in my social anxiety journey, there a few reasons for this:
A big DSLR camera makes a rather good mask; I could just shove it in front of face and pretend to be invisible.  It forced me to go and meet new people, albeit AWESOME people, and take charge of photoshoots and having something that I’m good at made me feel confident, hardly super duper confident but it was something.

Then, the last few months happened. I kickstarted my business and pushed myself harder than ever before because not only did I want to ‘cope’ with my disorder, but I wanted to get rid of it and enjoy a life that I was comfortable living.  I believe completely that I have done this already in just a few short months, to the point that I don’t worry or feel anxious even an hour before a job or a meeting.  A lot of my  success is down to the practise makes perfect method…


How photography cured my social anxiety

Just like photography, you have to practise, practise and practise some more when it comes to social anxiety. Learning or managing one small thing at a time, until each small thing becomes second nature. When you learn photography you may start with learning  just one part of exposure first like how to use apertures until you’re all like  ‘dude, I totally think this would look super amazing with an aperture of f/1.8′ . It’s the same with anxiety, you work on one thing that makes you slightly nervous and then work your way up until you are challenging all the crazy stuff that makes you sweat like you’re chasing a Bugatti Veyron.

It wasn’t just the practise method that made it happen for me however,  I had to change the way I treated people altogether. The key to overcoming my fears was so simple that I could not believe I had never thought of it before. Instead of worrying about what I looked like to other people or how I came across, I had to focus the attention on other people. Not in a bad way of course, in the greatest way possible.  Making people feel beautiful, important and heard. After all, that’s what this business is all about once you take the actual photographs out of the equation. Social Anxiety is often very self involved and so many times you will spend a social interaction concentrating only on your fear that you actually forget to listen to the other person and you forget to even ask them any questions about themselves. Ever been in that situation where you’ve met someone new and because you were so busy thinking bad thoughts about yourself that you didn’t even listen to their name? Yep, been there, done that..
Ask people more questions, concentrate on them instead, LISTEN, because when you do your fears will melt away.

Do you suffer from Social Anxiety, or know somebody that does?  I would love to hear your stories.

– Kelly J x



How photography helped cure my social anxiety

Federal Study Will Pay You $3,000 Per Week to Consume Cannabis

The United States National Research Center (NRC) has been commissioned by theNational Institute of Drug Abuse(NIDA) to conduct comprehensive research evaluating the effects of cannabis on the human body.

The research, which will take part in seven facilities across the nation, is intended to determine whether or not cannabis can be used to relieve stress and stress-related disorders, while allowing consumers of the plant to maintain normal function in their lives.

“This is one of the first, very promising studies, that will finally reveal the answer of the age old acquisition that stoners are ‘Just Lazy’,” says lead researcher Michael Gregory. “It’s an exciting new study that may push the legality of marijuana to all 50 states.”

For the research, participants will be required to stay at the facility for six months (making it immediately un-doable for many if not most people), while performing various everyday activities such as cleaning, watching TV and reading, while also regularly consuming cannabis. During all of this, participants will be evaluated by medical staff.

Researchers looking to gather over 300 recruits into their facilities before the study begins; these recruits will be paid $3,000 for every week they take part in the study.

At the moment, the NRC isn’t accepting new applicants for those wanting to take part in the study, though that’s expected to change in the near future; we’ll update this article when it does.


“I have grown granddaughters who have severe cramps, so I said this is what I want to work on.”

Goldberg announced Wednesday that she’s launching a medical-marijuana company with Maya Elisabeth, one of the leading “canna-businesswomen” in the field, with a line of products designed to provide relief from menstrual cramps.

The company, Maya & Whoopi, will offer cannabis edibles, tinctures, topical rubs, and a THC-infused bath soak that it describes as “profoundly relaxing.” Frankly that last one, even though your humble reporter is a man, sounds incredible.

In an interview with Vanity Fair, The View co-host said she wanted to create a product for women that was discreet, provided relief, and wouldn’t leave you glued to your couch.

“For me, I feel like if you don’t want to get high high, this is a product specifically just to get rid of discomfort,” she says. “Smoking a joint is fine, but most people can’t smoke a joint and go to work.”

“This, you can put it in your purse,” Goldberg continues. “You can put the rub on your lower stomach and lower back at work, and then when you get home you can get in the tub for a soak or make tea, and it allows you to continue to work throughout the day.”

Goldberg has been outspoken about her medical-marijuana use in the past. In 2014, she wrote in The Cannabist about her love of her kush-filled vape pen, which she says gives her relief from glaucoma-related headaches without resorting to eating handfuls of Advil every day.

“I started using the vape pen because I stopped smoking cigarettes about four years ago and discovered I couldn’t smoke a joint anymore,” she says. “The relief that I got with the vape pen was kind of different from what I got with smoking. I could control it much better.”

If it worked so well for headaches, surely it could be applied to other aches, so Goldberg got in touch with a couple of industry experts to see if there was already anything on the medical-marijuana market for cramps. They told her no, because it was seen as a niche.

At this point in the interview, Goldberg stops to give an exasperated chuckle.

“Hey, this niche is half the population on the earth,” she says. “This seems to be people flippantly blowing you off, which is what you get whenever you start talking about cramps. They weren’t thinking how do you target this? I have grown granddaughters who have severe cramps, so I said this is what I want to work on.”

Goldberg then got in touch with Elisabeth, the owner of the female-run medical-marijuana cannabis company Om Edibles in northern California, and the two were off to the races.

Half the population of earth, male or female, isn’t using marijuana for now, but the market is booming. Washington state did nearly half a billion dollars in marijuana sales its first year after legalization, and some projections predict it will be a $20 billion industry in the U.S. by 2020.

Goldberg stands by her product for the same reason she favors it over painkillers for headaches. She says you’ll be able to look at the ingredients on any Whoopi & Maya package and know exactly what’s in it. (Queen Victoria, by the way, supposedly used a marijuana tincture to relieve menstrual cramps, so it basically has the seal of approval from the British royalty.)

For those who don’t have much experience in the field, Whoopi & Maya will also include products with only cannabidiol (CBD), which lacks the euphoric effects commonly associated with marijuana. The whole line is scheduled to be available in April. For now, thanks to the patchwork of state medical-marijuana laws and the continuing federal ban on the substance, it will only be available in California.

Cannabis Science 101: The Physics and Chemistry of the Joint

By Bruce Barcott

When a joint gets passed around, it tends to bring out the armchair scientists.

Everyone has a theory. And most theories sound like they come straight from the mind of Ron Slater, Dazed and Confused’s stoner historian. There’s the temperature theorist, who’s convinced you’ve got to keep the joint hot. And the long-toke artist. And the many-short-hits believer.

Who’s right? Let’s look into the actual science of the joint, or as the peer-reviewed journals refer to it, the marijuana cigarette.

First, a primer about why cannabis is burned and smoked in the first place. Eating a gram of cured flower straight out of the bag is a bad idea. It’ll taste like eating Kentucky bluegrass, and you won’t get the desired effect. The THC in the plant needs to undergo a process known as decarboxylation to become psychoactively available. Ed Rosenthal, one of the world’s leading experts on cannabis biology, explains the rest in this excerpt from one of his columns:

Marijuana produces THCA, an acid with the carboxylic group (COOH) attached. In its acid form, THC is not very active. It is only when the carboxyl group is removed that THC becomes psychoactive. When marijuana is smoked, the THC behind the hot spot is vaporized as the hot air from the burn is drawn through the joint or pipe bowl to the unburned material.

What's the Difference Between Joints, Blunts, and Spliffs?


How Much THC Moves From Leaf to Bloodstream?

Budding cannabis flower on live plan in outdoor field

One of the earliest NIDA (National Institute on Drug Abuse) studies on cannabis cigarettes, conducted in 1982 by NIDA researcher Richard L. Hawks, estimated that 20 percent of the THC in a cannabis cigarette was delivered to the body when the smoker took a 5-second puff each minute. All the rest was lost to pyrolysis (burning) and sidestream smoke (the rising stuff from the smoldering end).

A later 1990 study by Mario Perez-Reyes, a psychiatric researcher at the University of North Carolina, put more specific figures to the path taken by THC. He estimated that 20 to 37 percent of the THC in a joint hits the consumer in mainstream smoke. Twenty-three to 30 percent is lost to pyrolytic destruction, and 40 to 50 percent goes up in sidestream smoke.

What's in a Pre-Roll?

In these early studies, the scientific concern was all about THC. Other cannabinoids, like cannabidiol (CBD), and terpenes weren’t yet widely known. Also worth noting: All of these American studies were conducted using low-quality, low-potency (1.5 to 3 percent THC) cannabis supplied by NIDA.

Those estimates allow us to run some interesting numbers. If the average joint contains about 700 milligrams of cannabis flower — that’s the “scientific test joint” configuration — and today’s average THC level runs around 20 percent, that means 140 mg of THC are available in each joint. If 20 to 37 percent of that carries to the lungs, that’s a THC dose of 28 to 52 mg. Before you start comparing that to THC milligrams in edibles, though, consider that the body metabolizes and reacts to edibles differently than it does to inhaled smoke.


More Short Puffs, or Fewer Long Draws?

Woman puffs on cannabis joint

A 2008 study conducted by researchers at Leiden University, in the Netherlands, using much better cannabis (17.4 percent THC) supplied by Bedrocan, the company that grows pharmacy-grade cannabis for the Dutch Ministry of Health, specifically tested the toke question. Using joints with 700 mg of flower, volunteers tried a puff every which way. They took a two-second pull every 15 seconds, then every 30 seconds, then every 60. They tried a two-second pull, a three-second pull, and a four. Then the researchers drew blood from the subjects and measured their plasma THC levels. THC levels in the blood stair-stepped, as expected, in nearly every case. In other words, a longer toke drew more THC into the blood. A greater volume of inhaled smoke did the same.

Leafly's Visual Quality Guide to Selecting Cannabis

But here’s the interesting thing. The short, two-second puff every 30 seconds and every 60 seconds yielded about the same amount of THC, around 22 nanograms per milliliter. But the same puff every 15 seconds doubled the THC intake, to 44 ng/ml.

The conclusion: The average overall temperature of the joint remained higher when a toke was taken every 15 seconds. That kept the whole THC decarboxylation and delivery system up and running. When the joint was allowed to rest for 30 or 60 seconds, it cooled. It’s the difference between keeping a machine running and or shutting it down and starting it back up again. Plus, as a number of these study authors noted, cannabis cigarettes don’t burn nearly as evenly or well as tobacco cigarettes. If you leave them untended for too long, they have a tendency to extinguish themselves.

Perez-Reyes observed a similar dynamic during his 1990 study. He asked study subjects to smoke joints extremely fast — a hit every six seconds — and then more slowly, taking a drag every 17 seconds. Which is still pretty fast. And his subjects got really high. The six-second-interval smokers registered peak THC blood plasma levels of 210 to 230 ng/ml. The 17-second-interval smokers hit 100 to 160 ng/ml. The legal limit for impaired driving in both Washington and Colorado is 5 ng/ml.


Delivery Efficiency: Joint vs. Vape vs. Bong

Pile of rolled cannabis joints on blue table

Nobody’s actually done an apples-to-apples-to-apples study on the question, or at least not one that’s been published in a peer-reviewed journal. But there is some information to be gleaned.

In 2007, Donald Abrams, a pioneering AIDS and medical cannabis researcher at the University of California at San Francisco, published a study of THC intake via the Volcano vaporizer. Abrams tested the vaporizer as a safer alternative to cannabis cigarettes. He was responding to a 1999 Institute of Medicine Report that found medical value in cannabis but hedged against recommending medical marijuana “because of the health risks associated with smoking.”

Cannabis Science 101: The Complex Chemistry of the Bong

Abrams did find vaporization to be healthier. Compared to a smoked joint, the Volcano produced far less tar, carbon monoxide, and other combustion byproducts while delivering almost identical blood-THC levels. The vaporizer captured 54 percent of the THC in the leaf, as compared to the 20 to 37 percent available from a joint.

Bongs, by comparison, may deliver less THC per gram of flower. Perez-Reyes found that peak blood THC levels among his subjects using a water pipe were about 50 percent lower than the blood THC levels among the same subjects smoking the same amount of cannabis in a joint. That finding may lend credence to those who wonder if bong water is filtering out some of the cannabinoids that consumers desire.


Self-Titration is a Real Thing

Woman holding cannabis joint and while smoke emits after she inhales

For UCSF’s Donald Abrams, the most surprising data from his 2007 study may have come in the area of titration — a factor involving concentrations of THC in the blood (more later). He asked his subject to consume three different potencies: 1.7 percent THC, 3.4 percent, and 6.8 percent. Under perfect conditions, the blood-THC levels of the subjects should have stair-stepped along with the increased potencies.

Surprise! They didn’t.

Smoking the 1.7 percent THC cannabis, his volunteers peaked at blood THC levels of 80 ng/ml. At double the leaf potency (3.4 percent THC), they peaked at 110 ng/ml. And at four times the potency (6.8 percent), they peaked at 120 ng/ml.

Even though the Volcano captured a higher percentage of THC compared to a joint, blood plasma THC levels in the subjects using those devices were comparable.

Here’s the really interesting part: Subjects in Abrams’ study didn’t know the THC content when they were consuming.

That suggests that the study subjects carried out some sort of self-titration, whether they were aware of it or not. Titration is a fancy word for dosing. Self-titration means smokers adapt their smoking behavior to obtain desired levels of THC from the particular delivery system, taking more puffs and/or inhaling more efficiently at lower, compared to higher, THC strengths. “The phenomenon of self-titration of psychoactive drug intake from an inhaled delivery system is well documented for nicotine from cigarette smoking,” Abrams wrote, “but to our knowledge has not been previously reported for marijuana.”

Abrams’ study has interesting policy implications as well. One of the arguments used against recreational legalization is the fear that today’s higher-THC cannabis “is not the pot you knew in the 1970s.” That’s true. But it may also be true that consumers are simply inhaling less smoke or vapor than they did in the ’70s to achieve similar results.